By Jerry Leake

Clave The traditional wooden clave, which we associate with Afro-Cuban music, is actually derived from the African concussion sticks and clappers of centuries past. Much like the role for the bell player within traditional African music, the clave's function is that of a time keeper, back-bone and foundation for traditional rhythms with which it is used. The clave rarely incorporates variations within a given performance. This helps to develop player discipline as one is called upon to play an essential, unchanging clave pattern for the duration of the performance. This book, although brief, begins to answer many questions about the diverse history and use of clave, from its early beginnings in African and Egyptian cultures to the popular and more familiar Cuban clave of Afro-Latin music. The application of Clave—instruments and philosophy—is limited only by the player's imagination.

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| 56 pages |



  • History and evolution of African Clave/Bell Patterns
  • Illustrations and examples within many different rhythms
  • Traditional ensemble rhythms with clave analysis
  • Cuban clave for tradtional and contemporary music
  • Adaptations of clave patterns to congas and drum set
  • Contemporary concepts and philosophies of clave

  • Excerpts

    Clave page 9
    Clave page 12
    Clave page 18
    Clave page 25
    Clave page 29
    Clave page 35
    Clave page 37
    Clave page 47
    Clave page 49
    Clave page 53